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Preview of 20th anniversary of day Challenger blew apart
This weekend marks the 20th year of the Challenger space shuttle disaster, a turning point in America’s space exploration programmes.On January 28, 1986 family members and friends of the crew gathered at Cape Canaveral Florida to celebrate the launch of the space shuttle.Christa McAuliffe, a civilian teacher was one of the seven crew members in the space shuttle.Moments after the launch, space shuttle Challenger blew apart in jets of fire and plumes of smoke, a terrifying sight witnessed by the families of the seven astronauts and by those who came to watch the historic launch of the first teacher in space. The disaster shattered NASA’s image and the belief that spaceflight could become as routine as airplane travel.
Reaction to Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein’s attack on kurds.
Kurdish and Iraqi opposition groups have called for direct military action from Western forces to counter Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein’s attack on a Kurdish city.
The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan says there have been heavy casualties around Irbil, after Iraqi tanks, soldiers and artillery launched an attack early on Saturday.
The city is inside a so-called safe haven, set up to protect the Kurdish minority from Saddam Hussein after a failed rebellion following the Gulf War in 1991.
As reports of the attack continued to filter out of northern Iraq, the opposition Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (P-U-K) said the situation was desperate.
White smoke, bell rings, new pope announced
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Germany, a long-time guardian of doctrinal orthodoxy, was elected the new pope on Tuesday in the first conclave of the new millennium. He chose the name Pope Benedict XVI.
Ratzinger, the first German pope in centuries, served John Paul II since 1981 as head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. In that position he has disciplined church dissidents and upheld church policy against attempts by liberals for reforms. Ratzinger, who turned 78 on Saturday, had gone into the conclave with the most buzz among two dozen leading candidates. He had impressed many faithful with his stirring homily at the funeral of John Paul II, who died on April 2 at the age of 84.White smoke poured from the Sistine Chapel and bells tolled to announce the conclave had elected a pope. Flag-waving pilgrims in St. Peter’s Square chanted: “Viva il Papa!” – “Long live the pope!”The bells rang after a confusing smoke signal that Vatican Radio initially suggested was black but then declared was too difficult to call. White smoke is used to announce to the world a pope’s election.